Mental Health Articles


Latest Articles About Mental Health Articles

Ways To Discover Your Life Purpose

Ways To Discover Your Life Purpose

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

For some people, achieving their dreams and goals comes quite easily. Other people find it more difficult to understand what their purpose is in life. Some questions that they might ask themselves are: Why am I here? What am I supposed to be doing with my life? What will bring me the most happiness in […]

Common Traits Of Happy People

Common Traits Of Happy People

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

It would be great if all of us could magically find the secret to being happy. The truth is that happiness is not something that can be found; it is already inside of us, waiting to be cultivated. Happy people have traits in common. They are able to use these traits to bring more happiness […]

What Affects Your Sleep?

What Affects Your Sleep?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

A poor night’s sleep is not helpful for starting your day. The mental fog and grumpiness that comes from poor sleep affects you in many ways. Millions of people suffer from poor sleep. It can be hard to live with sleep deprivation. Knowing the causes of poor sleep can help in developing healthier sleep hygiene. […]

How To Prepare To Confront Someone In A Healthy Way

How To Prepare To Confront Someone In A Healthy Way

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Confrontation is tough. It is uncomfortable and stressful. Confrontation can cause tension between people, which can affect relationships. For each of these reasons it is normal for a person to try hard to avoid confrontation. The problem with avoiding confrontation is that when you avoid confrontation you prevent change and growth. You also are stuck […]

What Causes Anxiety?

What Causes Anxiety?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Anxiety is a feeling that everyone will experience regularly in their lives. It is an emotion that can be triggered by several factors. Sometimes it will be triggered by recognizable situations and sometimes it will be triggered by circumstances that are more difficult to identify and understand. How Stress Triggers Anxiety Every person has triggers […]

How To Prevent Panic Attacks

How To Prevent Panic Attacks

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

People who have experienced a panic attack know that they are oppressive. They take a major toll on a person’s day. Panic attacks create physical, mental and emotional reactions that are uncomfortable. Many people may even develop unhealthy strategies to prevent a panic attack. For example, a person with agoraphobia will go to great lengths […]

Warning Signs of Binge Eating Disorder

Warning Signs Of Binge Eating Disorder

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

There is an alarming increase in the rates of obesity in America and around the world. Currently, we are seeing the highest percentage of overweight Americans in US history. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as many as 39 percent of citizens are overweight or obese. There are many factors that have […]

Types Of Therapy For Anxiety

Types Of Therapy For Anxiety

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

There are currently millions of people who suffer from anxiety each day. Each person who suffers from anxiety has different symptoms, causes and challenges to face. It can be hard for most people to cope with their symptoms of anxiety. Understanding how to cope with anxiety is critical. Coping properly can improve an affected person’s […]

Myths Friends And Families Of Alcoholics Should Know

Myths Friends And Families Of Alcoholics Should Know

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

It can be hard to know that a loved one is suffering from alcoholism. It is not uncommon for loved ones of an alcoholic to be confused or mistaken about what alcoholism is and what it does to the person they love. Families of alcoholics endure a great deal of frustration and heartache. It is […]

Mistakes We Make With Sleep And Technology

Mistakes We Make With Sleep And Technology

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

In today’s world our lives revolve around technology. We depend on technology for many things, and we sometimes do not even realize when it is negatively affecting us. One of the biggest pitfalls those with insomnia and sleep issues face is their inclination to turn to technology while trying to sleep. Three of the biggest […]

How Autism Is Diagnosed

How Autism Is Diagnosed

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a disorder that has become more prevalent in the last 30 years. It is considered a neurological and developmental disorder that is typically diagnosed between the ages of 1 and 5 years old. ASD causes deficiencies in the following areas: Learning and academics Socialization skills Communication Impulse control Behavioral regulation […]

How To Calm Your Mind Before Bed

How To Calm Your Mind Before Bed

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

We’ve all been there: after a busy day you just want to lay down and fall asleep. As soon as your head hits the pillow all of these intrusive thoughts come flooding into your mind, preventing you from getting that good night’s sleep that you desperately need. Thoughts like ‘I cannot forget to…’, ‘what am […]

What Is A Personality Disorder?

What Is A Personality Disorder?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

A personality disorder (PD) is different from other mental health disorders. A patient with a PD will have unhealthy behavioral and thought patterns. These unhealthy patterns affect how the patient can function with others. PD causes strains in the patient’s personal relationships and concept of self. A PD is not identified through emotional disturbance or […]

6 Unexpected Reasons You May Feel Depressed

6 Unexpected Reasons You May Feel Depressed

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Depression is can be especially difficult to cope with when you do not understand the reason why you are depressed. Many things can trigger depression, and understanding what caused the depressed mood is the first step in learning how to cope and feel better. There are several factors and conditions that can cause depression. Some […]

A Diet For Better Sleep

A Diet For Better Sleep

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

People who suffer from insomnia know that it can be very difficult to carry out their day after a bad night’s sleep. It is hard to live with insomnia because a lack of sleep affects your mind, body, and emotions. This prevents you from doing what you need to be able to do to carry […]

Types Of Anxiety Disorders

Types Of Anxiety Disorders

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Anxiety is a word often heard and often misunderstood. It is something that we experience when something that is unexpected, unpleasant, uncomfortable, or unpredictable is about to happen. The uncertainty of an outcome, or simply the idea of something happening or not happening, can affect us so much that our bodies and minds react through […]

5 Coping Strategies For Seasonal Affective Disorder

5 Coping Strategies For Seasonal Affective Disorder

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is not easy to live with. It can be confusing to suffer from SAD, because it causes mood changes during certain parts of the year. While some people may experience SAD during the summer months, most people who suffer from SAD will experience symptoms during the winter months. Symptoms of SAD […]

Health Effects And Treatment Of Binge Eating Disorder

Health Effects And Treatment Of Binge Eating Disorder

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

If binge eating disorder is left untreated, it has the potential to have some devastating effects on the patient’s overall health. Binge eating disorder can either stem from or create serious mental health consequences. It will also cause significant medical consequences. These consequences can impact the affected person’s quality of life. Consequences that can impact […]

10 Warning Signs Of Anorexia

10 Warning Signs Of Anorexia

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Anorexia is rarely ever solely a body image issue. Most people who suffer from anorexia also suffer from deep emotional issues that are not properly managed with healthy coping skills. Without healthy coping skills, a person with anorexia turns to unhealthy and dangerous eating habits to cope with their unsettled feelings. People who suffer from […]

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Bulimia Nervosa

Diagnosis And Treatment Of Bulimia Nervosa

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Proper diagnosis of bulimia is a critical component to ensuring that a patient is properly treated. Without proper diagnosis treatment will likely be ineffective. It can sometimes be a challenge to accurately identify a case of bulimia because symptoms can appear to be similar to binge eating disorder or anorexia nervosa. This is why there […]

Body Image

How Bulimia Nervosa Affects Your Life

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Bulimia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that has major consequences on a person’s life. Bulimia nervosa is a condition in which a patient struggles with body image. In effort to cope with the poor body image the patient will engage in compensatory behaviors. Such compensatory behaviors include restricting diet, excessive exercise, and binging and […]

How Bulimia Nervosa Affects The Body

How Bulimia Nervosa Affects The Body

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Bulimia nervosa is an eating disorder that has serious medical and physical health consequences. A patient who is bulimic will engage in behavior to prevent weight gain. He or she will struggle with self-esteem and self-image. There will be destructive behavior that has an effect on the patient’s overall health. A patient with bulimia nervosa […]

How Families Are Affected By A Patient’s Schizophrenia

How Families Are Affected By A Patient’s Schizophrenia

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

It can be difficult to cope with a family member’s diagnosis of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia causes many alarming symptoms. These symptoms cause the patient to act in an unusual manner. It can also cause a patient to become fearful or act erratically. Schizophrenia typically shows symptoms in early adulthood. This causes the patient to display a […]

Myths About Schizophrenia

Myths About Schizophrenia

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Schizophrenia is a complicated disorder that is often misunderstood by the general public. It is a disorder that causes many unique and sometimes scary symptoms that are often misunderstood by others. It can be easy to draw conclusions about people who suffer from schizophrenia. People often believe negative things about schizophrenia, but many of the […]

Symptoms Of Schizophrenia

What Are The Different Types Of Schizophrenia?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder with many different kinds of symptoms. There are different subtypes of schizophrenia recognized by professionals. Each subtype of schizophrenia has its own features and symptoms. Here is a list of the different subtypes of schizophrenia: Catatonic subtype People with catatonic subtype schizophrenia will show two extremes in their overall personality. […]

Warning Signs of Schizophrenia

Warning Signs Of Schizophrenia

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Schizophrenia is a disorder that is scary for both the patient and those around them. It affects friends, family, peers, and in severe cases, the general public. People who are schizophrenic tend to have alarming behaviors and thoughts. Sometimes these behaviors and thoughts confuse and frighten others. This is especially the case for those who […]

What Is Schizophrenia?

What Causes Schizophrenia?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder that causes many scary experiences for affected people. It is a very difficult disorder to cope with on a daily basis. Schizophrenia affects many areas of a person’s life. Day to day activities and interpersonal relationships are negatively impacted by symptoms. Common symptoms of schizophrenia include: Hallucinations Delusions Psychosis Paranoia […]

Medical Consequences Of Anorexia Nervosa

Medical Consequences Of Anorexia Nervosa

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Anorexia nervosa (anorexia) is a serious mental health disorder that has the potential to be fatal. Millions people struggle with anorexia in the United States. Anorexia is not only a mental health disorder, but also a serious medical condition that has severe consequences. If anorexia is not properly treated it can have devastating effects on […]

Anorexia Nervosa Mirror

Causes And Risk Factors Of Anorexia Nervosa

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Anorexia is a complex disorder that affects different types of people for different reasons. Many tend to be mistaken when thinking it develops from a desire to be skinny. It rarely develops as a result of one individual issue, like body image or weight management. People who suffer from anorexia tend to have trouble coping […]

Symptoms And Health Risks Of Anorexia Nervosa

Treatment Of Anorexia Nervosa

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Anorexia is an oppressive illness. Those who suffer from anorexia will engage in problematic behaviors to maintain a sense of control. They do not realize how severely their health is being affected. Patients with anorexia often exhibit symptoms and warning signs, like: Having a family member who also suffers from Anorexia Nervosa Binging (Eating an […]

Treatment Options For Oppositional-Defiant Disorder

Treatment Options For Oppositional-Defiant Disorder

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Oppositional defiance disorder (ODD) is a disorder in a which a child exhibits consistently bad behavior. This bad behavior has an effect on the child’s development. It also affects the child’s peers, parents and teachers. A child with ODD exhibits unhealthy coping strategies for stress. This may include outbursts of rage, tantrums, or acts of […]

How Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Affects The Brain

How Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Affects The Brain

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that a person may develop if he or she has experienced at traumatic event. PTSD is a serious disorder that affects a person’s sense of safety and security. It creates different symptoms that are difficult to cope with on a daily basis. People with PTSD will experience symptoms […]

Symptoms Of PTSD

Does Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Go Away?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

The memories of fear and pain that a person feels when going through a traumatic event will not go away. They are significant and influential memories that will have a deep and withstanding impact on a patient. It is possible to decrease how intensely these memories affect the patient. With therapy the emotional and behavioral […]

What Causes Bipolar Disorder?

What Causes Bipolar Disorder?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

People often think that bipolar disorder develops when people do not know how to control themselves. This is rarely the case. There are several different contributing factors that can cause bipolar disorder. While bipolar disorder can cause a person to behave erratically and irrationally, it is not due to a lack of control. There are […]

How Families Are Affected By Bipolar Disorder

How Families Are Affected By Bipolar Disorder

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

A patient with bipolar disorder is not the only one who suffers from its effects. If left untreated, bipolar disorder will affect a patient, along with his or her family, friends, and loved ones. It is important for family and friends of people with bipolar disorder to be educated on what it means to have […]

Causes of Conduct Disorder

Causes of Conduct Disorder

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Conduct disorder is a disorder in which an adolescent, between the ages of 12 and 18, exhibits socially unacceptable behavior. This behavior can sometimes lead to criminal acts or acts of violence. The behavior that is caused by conduct disorder is often dismissed as delinquency, but actually stems from deep emotional issues. Adolescents with conduct […]

What Happens During A Manic Episode?

What Happens During A Manic Episode?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Manic episodes are a symptom of bipolar disorder. A manic episode is considered the ‘high’ point on the bipolar spectrum. A manic episode causes a person to become very excitable and irritable. These episodes can last anywhere from a few days to several months. A patient will feel very energetic and restless during a manic […]

Types And Effects Of Bipolar Disorder

How Does Bipolar Disorder Affect The Brain?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

There are millions of people who currently suffer from bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder that causes highs and lows in mood. At one end, the mood swings can cause the patient to experience episodes of depression. This could include sadness, numbness, feeling hopeless, not interested in everyday activities. The other end is […]

Warning Signs Of Borderline Personality Disorder

Warning Signs Of Borderline Personality Disorder

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a personality disorder that causes a poor self-image and self-destructive behavior. It is difficult to cope with BPD because the affected person’s self-esteem is low. As a result, the he or she believes that others do not value him or her. This causes a fear of abandonment. It also causes […]

What Are The Complications Of Dependent Personality Disorder?

What Are The Complications Of Dependent Personality Disorder?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Dependent personality disorder (DPD) is a disorder in which a person has an extreme fear of abandonment. This fear causes a person to go to great lengths to prevent abandonment or rejection. People with DPD face many issues with regard to the way they see themselves and the people around them. A person with DPD […]

ADD / ADHD Medication Options

ADD / ADHD Medication Options

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are two similar disorders. They affect a person’s ability to focus and concentrate. People with ADHD will also show behavioral issues related to hyperactivity. A person is typically diagnosed with ADD/ADHD in childhood. This is when he or she begins to show behavioral and cognitive […]

How Borderline Personality Disorder Affects Relationships

How Borderline Personality Disorder Affects Relationships

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Maintaining a relationship with a person with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is challenging. BPD causes a person to believe that they are not valued or worthy of love and affection. This belief creates an intense fear of abandonment. The fear of abandonment causes the affected person act destructively. A person with BPD will have many […]

Therapy For Social Anxiety

Therapy For Social Anxiety

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Social anxiety is when a person becomes very anxious in social situations. People who have social anxiety tend to be overly critical of themselves. They overthink social interactions and are hypersensitive about not embarrassing themselves. These are all signs of social anxiety: Becoming really nervous when having to meet new people Tend to shut down […]

Treatment For Antisocial Personality Disorder

Treatment For Antisocial Personality Disorder

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

People with antisocial personality disorder do not show concern for rules or safety. A person with antisocial personality disorder engages in reckless behavior. They are impulsive and are not remorseful for their actions. A person with antisocial personality disorder will struggle with authority figures. They will engage in criminal activity that will get them in […]

What Are The Different Types Of Depression?

What Are The Different Types Of Depression?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Depression is a condition that manifests in many different forms. There are many different types of depression. Each type affects a person in different ways and for different reasons. This article explains the different types of depression and what it is like to live with each of them. Atypical Depression Atypical depression is a type […]

Can Dependent Personality Disorder Be Prevented?

Can Dependent Personality Disorder Be Prevented?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Dependent personality disorder (DPD) is a disorder that causes a person to be depend-ent on others. A person with DPD often has an intense fear of abandonment. Dependent personality disorder causes a person to be ‘clingy’ or ‘needy’. Considering the insecurities that come with DPD, relationships are often strained. It is unclear why people develop […]

What Is A Panic Attack?

What Is A Panic Attack?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Having a panic attack is a scary experience. Often a person who is having a panic attack does not know they are having a panic attack. It can be triggered by something known or can happen unexpectedly. A panic attack is something that occurs as a result of being overwhelmed with anxiety. Sometimes, that anxiety […]

Why Does Postpartum Depression Happen?

Why Does Postpartum Depression Happen?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Many of women experience postpartum depression after giving birth. Postpartum depression is a depressed mood a mother may experience after giving birth. This depressed mood can last for several weeks or months, depending on the mother’s unique circumstances. There are several factors that contribute to postpartum depression. Such factors that contribute to postpartum depression include: […]

How Long Does Postpartum Depression Last?

How Long Does Postpartum Depression Last?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Postpartum depression is a form of depression in which the mother of a baby falls into a depressed state. This depressed state typically results in the following behaviors: Avoiding the baby Feeling anger or resentment toward the baby Crying spells Feeling overwhelmed with the changes that a baby brings Mood swings and depressed mood Irritability […]

How To Stop Binge Eating

How To Stop Binge Eating

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

Binge eating disorder is a condition that has serious health consequences on an affected person. People who binge eat face many health consequences, like obesity, diabetes, heart problems, and kidney dam-age. Binge eaters are also at risk of suffering from emotional issues, like anger, anxiety, and depression. People who binge eat tend to feel hopeless, […]

Why Do People Binge Eat?

Why Do People Binge Eat?

GinaMarie Guarino, LMHC

For those who do not suffer from binge eating it can be difficult to understand why people binge eat. You may ask, “why don’t they just stop eating so much and learn to control themselves?” The simple answer is it’s not that easy. Binge eaters overeat for reasons that go beyond a love for food. […]